Dicloxacillin

Description

:One of the penicillins which is resistant to penicillinase. [PubChem]

Indication

:Used to treat infections caused by penicillinase-producing staphylococci which have demonstrated susceptibility to the drug.

Manufacturer

: Sandoz inc

More Information

:Dicloxacillin is a beta-lactamase resistant penicillin similar to oxacillin. Dicloxacillin has <i>in vitro</i> activity against gram-positive and gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. The bactericidal activity of dicloxacillin results from the inhibition of cell wall synthesis and is mediated through dicloxacillin binding to penicillin binding proteins (PBPs). Dicloxacillin is stable against hydrolysis by a variety of beta-lactamases, including penicillinases, and cephalosporinases and extended spectrum beta-lactamases.
Dicloxacillin is a beta-lactamase resistant penicillin similar to oxacillin. Dicloxacillin has <i>in vitro</i> activity against gram-positive and gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. The bactericidal activity of dicloxacillin results from the inhibition of cell wall synthesis and is mediated through dicloxacillin binding to penicillin binding proteins (PBPs). Dicloxacillin is stable against hydrolysis by a variety of beta-lactamases, including penicillinases, and cephalosporinases and extended spectrum beta-lactamases.
Oral LD<sub>50</sub> in rat is 3579 mg/kg. Symptoms of overexposure include irritation, rash, labored breathing, hives, itching, wheezing, nausea, chills, and fever.

Absorption of the isoxazolyl penicillins after oral administration is rapid but incomplete: peak blood levels are achieved in 1-1.5 hours. Oral absorption of cloxacillin, dicloxacillin, oxacillin and nafcillin is delayed when the drugs are administered after meals.
Dicloxacillin sodium is rapidly excreted as unchanged drug in the urine by glomerular filtration and active tubular secretion.

Products : Dicloxacillin 500 mg capsule

Dicloxacillin – Goldpharma Medication,a world of medicine www.goldpharma.cn

Leave a Reply